Archive for the ‘Texas Rangers’ category

More Thoughts on This Year’s 1B/DH Free Agents

February 13, 2017

Adam Lind signed today with the Washington Nationals on a one year deal with a team option for a second season which guarantees Lind $1.5 million.  The amount of the guarantee is just about the lowest possible on a major league deal for a veteran player like Lind (at least in terms of the unwritten MLB salary scale) and is still something of a surprise considering that Lind hit 20 HRs last season and has a proven track record as a slugger.

I’m not saying that Lind should have received a lot more, but even a $2 million guarantee would have represented 33% more than what he actually got.

In the context of this year’s market for one dimensional 1B/DH players, it ultimately was not surprising that no one claimed Byung-ho Park off waivers.  That was certainly what the Twins were counting on.

However, it is still interesting that not even one MLB team thought that Park was worth a $9.25 million gamble for three years of control for a player whom the Twins valued more than twice as highly a year ago.

For Park, starting the 2017 season at AAA Rochester is probably the best thing that could happen to him.  He’ll get to play every day there, continue to work on his newly shortened swing, and likely earn his way back to the Show in 60 or 70 games.  As fangraphs noted just before Park was designated for assignment, there are plenty of things about Park’s 2016 performance to suggest he still has potential as an MLB player if he can make some more adjustments.

Pedro Alvarez is beginning to look like he might be the odd man out, as there can’t be many more landing places given the recent signings of Mike Napoli, Chris Carter and now Lind.  That said, Alvarez was a more productive hitter than Lind last year, so I expect him to get more than a $1.5 million guarantee, although it certainly looks like he now has little hope of more than a one-year deal.

There always seems to be something of a herd mentality in MLB front offices, and I don’t necessarily think that small contracts for this kind of player this off-season means that these guys won’t get better contracts in future off-seasons.  This year’s deals may have had more to do with the glut of these players on the market — in an off-season where there are fewer of them, they may do better.

Also, if some of these guys on one year deals can do better in 2017, or in Chris Carter’s case, have the same season in 2017 that he had in 2016, they’ll get better deals next off-season.

Mike Napoli and Chris Carter Finally Have Teams for 2017

February 8, 2017

Mike Napoli and Chris Carter finally agreed to 2017 contracts today.  The Texas Rangers have reported guaranteed Napoli $8.5 million for one year, and the New York Yankees $3.5 million to Chris Carter.  Carter can earn another $500,000 in plate appearance based performance incentives.

Napoli’s contract is about what I had been expecting, although the deal reportedly includes a team option for 2018 and so presumably a buy-out.  Carter’s guarantee is less than I expected, although perhaps not a lot less.

Fangraphs valued Napoli’s 2016 performance at $8.1 million and Carter’s at $7.1 million.  Given the age difference, the Yankees appear to have made the more team-friendly signing.  Carter also gives the Bombers a power bat they sorely need.

Carter must feel seriously disrespected after leading the National League in home runs last year.  That could be a good thing for the Yankees if it inspires Carter to try to improve his game and prove that 2016 was no fluke, at least in terms of his ability to hit home runs in bunches.  If he hits 40+ HRs for a second consecutive seasons, he’ll get a much better deal next off-season, regardless of his lack of other marketable skills.

It’s also interesting to see the Yankees engaged in February bargain-basement shopping.  Things have sure changed since George owned the team.

Somehow, it seems like kind of a relief that these two are finally signed.  Despite Carter’s talk of possibly playing in Asia in 2017, he ultimately did get a deal that’s just enough to keep him in the U.S.

Guys like Napoli and Carter, who don’t find the market they were expecting, almost always end up signing before Spring Training starts.  Still, until it happens, there’s always at least a chance that something weird will happen, like the NL’s reigning home run champ playing the next season in Japan or South Korea.

The Glut of Power-Hitting 1B/DH Free Agents

February 4, 2017

One of the things that has most captured my interest this off-season is the glut of power-hitting 1B/DH free agents, and the long slow dance that has been going on as teams have fully realized they can sign these guys for relative bargains if they just wait long enough.

Early in the off-season, it seemed likely that at least the best of these guys would do well in what was a generally weak free agent class, but it sure hasn’t turned out that way.  Edwin Encarnacion, who was probably the best of the bunch, made a whole lot less than the Blue Jays offered him before the season ended.  Mark Trumbo, MLB’s 2016 home run leader, also notably signed for a whole lot less than anyone expected when the 2016 ended.

The players who signed early did well.  In fact, the contracts that the Blue Jays gave Kendrys Morales and the Rockies gave Ian Desmond now look like wild over-pays with the market playing out the way it has.  Desmond’s deal didn’t make any sense when it was announced, but it looks even worse now, in spite of the fact that Desmond can play a lot of positions other than 1B.

Another of the remaining musical chairs was taken away today when the Tampa Rays signed Logan Morrison for one year at $2.5 million and another million in performance bonuses.  That leaves the Texas Rangers as the only team left virtually certain to sign one these guys.  They seem set on signing Mike Napoli, once Napoli agrees to the one year deal the Rangers want to give him.

That leaves Chris Carter, the NL’s 2016 home run leader, Pedro Alvarez, Adam Lind, Billy Butler, Justin Morneau and Ryan Howard with few obvious landing spots.  I’ve heard of the Mariners, the Marlins and the White Sox as possibilities, but that would still leave at least three of these guys looking at minor league offers at best.

Chris Carter has floated the idea of playing in Asia in 2017, a first for a reigning MLB home run leader.  Another sign of how bad the market for these guys is is that the Minnesota Twins just designated Byung-ho Park for assignment because they don’t think anyone will claim him because he still has three years and a total of $9.25 million left on the deal signed last year that has already cost the Twins more than $15 million when the posting fee is included.  I don’t think the Twins are writing Park off so much as convinced that no one will claim him even at this modest remaining commitment.

A KBO team, most likely the Samsung Lions, reportedly offered Mark Reynolds a $3 million one year deal, but Reynolds decided to re-sign with the Rockies on a minor league deal.  If that KBO team is willing to pony up similar money for another of these guys, I would have to think at least one of them will be playing in South Korea next year, because he sure won’t be getting a better offer in the U.S.

As a final, only tangentially related note, the Rays also signed Rickie Weeks to a minor league deal.  I’m disappointed, because it means the San Francisco Giants could have signed Weeks to a minor league deal also.  Weeks’ left field defense was terrible last year, and he hasn’t played 2B since 2014, but he hit pretty well last year, and I expect his left field defense would get better with more experience.  An experienced right-handed power hitting outfielder was something the Giants sure could have used, particularly on a minor league commitment.

The KBO Is All in for 2017

January 24, 2017

South Korea’s KBO teams have been spending dramatically more money on free agents and foreign players this off-season than they did even a year ago.  I suspect the surge in investment is connected directly to the 2017 World Baseball Classic to be played in March, some of which games will be played in Seoul, South Korea.

Professional baseball in South Korea is heavily dependent on the national team’s showing in the World Baseball Classic to generate future attendance increases.  In 2009, South Korea surprised the world with a strong second place finish in that year’s WBC, and KBO attendance surged starting with the 2009 regular season.

In 2013, South Korea was surprisingly knocked out of the WBC in the first round (three of the four teams in their initial pool went 2-1 with the South Korean team having the worst runs scored/runs allowed differential and thus failing to move on the second round).  KBO attendance dropped dramatically in 2013, and has only just in 2016 caught up to where it was before the national team’s ignominious 2013 WBC performance.

With Pool A’s games being played in South Korea, the South Korean baseball world is expecting the home team to have an advantage.  If the national team makes the final game again, I would expect KBO attendance to surge in 2017.  Anything less than a top four finish, however, it’s likely that KBO 2017 attendance will be down from 2016.

Right now, it’s looking like some of South Korea’s best players won’t be playing in this year’s WBC.  Jung-ho Kang is off the national team after being arrested recently on his third drunk driving charge.  Shin-soo Choo will miss the WBC because of injury concerns of his MLB team, the Texas Rangers.  Top starter Kwang-hyun Kim had or is going to have elbow surgery this month.

Needless to say, every national team has to deal with injuries to one degree or another.  However, with as much as the KBO has riding on this WBC, not to mention South Korea in general, the loss of any of South Korea’s top players has to be cause for consternation.

Japanese baseball fandom also puts a great deal of weight on their national team’s performance in international events.  I expect that a Championship performance, or, conversely, a disappointing performance in the WBC has a discernable effect on NPB attendance.  However, I very much doubt that the effect is anywhere near as dramatic as in the KBO.

NPB has roughly 50 years of history on the KBO, which only started play in 1982.  I, therefore, suspect both that NPB teams have solid fan bases and fans sophisticated enough to realize that performance in as small a sample size as the WBC doesn’t really prove much of anything, at least when Japan’s team doesn’t win.

Meanwhile, here in the U.S., the average baseball fan doesn’t spend much time thinking about the World Baseball Classic one way or another.  We have MLB, the undisputed world’s best baseball league, and most MLB stars don’t even play in the WBC because their major teams don’t want their players getting hurt in what MLB considers mere exhibition games.

As a die-hard baseball fan, I find the WBC interesting in terms of which teams perform well each go ’round, and I’m sure it would be interesting to attend individual games, particularly if you can see Asian stars we don’t see much of in the U.S.  However, I don’t put much stock in what amounts to a series of one-game series to determine the alleged “world’s best” national team.

Best Pitching Prospects in Japan’s NPB 2016/2017

October 7, 2016

Japan’s Nippon Professional Baseball always generates far more pitchers who are potential future MLBers than it does position players, and this year is no exception.  Here are the ones I’m keeping my eyes on:

Shohei Otani (age 22 in 2017).  As a pitching prospect, less is more with Otani.  He pitched only 21 games and threw only 140 innings in 2016, because he was not only the Pacific League’s best pitcher, but also its best hitter, posting a 1.004 OPS in 382 plate appearances.

As a pitcher, Otani went 10-4 with a 1.86 ERA and a pitching line of 140 IP, 89 hits, 45 BBs and four HRs allowed and 174 Ks.  Had he pitched three more innings, he would have led his league in ERA and strikeout rate.  He hit 101 mph (163 km/hr) on five pitches during a start in June, one start after hitting 163 km/hr on a pitch for the first time, thus setting a new NPB record.  He’s the next Yu Darvish or Masahiro Tanaka if his arm stays healthy, which sure seems likely if his bat turns him into a pitcher who only makes 20 starts a season.

I found it kind of amusing following Otani’s 2016 season on Yakyu DB.  Instead of just saying that they were trying to find a balance between having the league’s best pitcher and the league’s best hitter in the same person, Otani’s team, the Nippon Ham Fighters, announced a series of phantom injuries in the second half which allegedly prevented Otani from pitching but not from playing as the team’s designated hitter.  Never has a pitcher suffered so many blisters and muscle pulls without a trip to the disabled list.

From what I know of Japanese culture, I chalked it up to management’s need to save face: no matter how much sense it might make to have Otani’s bat in the line-up as often as possible, they just couldn’t come right out and say they were reducing the league’s best pitcher’s pitching starts in order to play him more games as a hitter.  Well, having to decide how best to use a player of Otani’s enormous talent is a great problem to have, even if it requires routinely making silly excuses, and the Fighters finished a league-best 87-53, beating out a very strong SoftBank Hawks team by 2.5 games.

Another problem Otani creates is with the relatively recent $20 million posting fee cap.  For players as good as Otani, a $20 million posting fee gives the Fighters no reason to post Otani before they absolutely have to due to free agency.  I have previously suggested an obvious solution to this problem — raise the posting fee by $5 million for each year before free agency an NPB team agrees to post its superstar.  The sooner (and thus younger) a superstar player becomes available to MLB, the bigger contract he’s going to get even with a bigger posting fee.  Current MLB ETA: 2021.

Shintaro Fujinami (23).  The Hanshin Tigers seem determined to burn out their young ace before he ever reaches MLB.  After throwing a 152-pitch shutout in 2015, the Tigers had Fujinami throw 161 pitches on July 8, 2016, a game the Tigers lost 8-2 and were losing 5-2 after six innings.  Nevertheless, Fujinami pitched eight full innings and faced 37 batters, striking out 13 and walking five.  It’s just no way to treat a 22 year old pitcher, even if the Tigers did skip his next start to give him a rest.

The overwork apparently effected his 2016 overall performance.  After a breakout 2015 season, Fujinami’s 3.25 ERA this year was only 9th best among 12 qualifiers in the six-team Central League, and he finished third in strikeouts with 176, 45 Ks fewer than in 2015.  However, he still had the best strikeout rate (9.4) among the league’s qualifiers.

Fujinami is still a legitimately great prospect.  It’s just that all the evidence suggests the Tigers are determined to ruin his arm before he becomes a free agent.  MLB ETA: 2021.

Takahiro Norimoto (26).  NPB pitching prospects for MLB take a marked dip after Otani and Fujinami, mainly because of factors other than NPB pitching success.  There can be no dispute after the 2016 season but that Norimoto is a terrific pitcher.  His ERA was 2.91 for the second year in a row (4th best in the Pacific League this year) and he led his league in strikeouts (216) for the second year in a row, the third year in row he’d struck out more than 200.

The problem with Norimoto is that he’s a small right-hander, listed at 5’10” and 180 lbs, and he’s thrown a whole lot of innings (762.1) in his four NPB seasons through age 25.  That’s not a recipe for a pitcher who’s going to last long enough to pitch in MLB while his arm is still relatively strong.  If he can defy the odds, he compares favorably to Kenta Maeda.  Of course, even with Maeda, the jury is still out on how long he can be an every fifth game starter in MLB.  MLB ETA: 2020/2021.

Tomoyuki Sugano (27).  As with Norimoto, Sugana’s 2016 performance has convinced me he’s the real McCoy.  He led the Central League in ERA this year (2.01) and strikeouts (183).  His strikeout rate (9.3) was far and away the highest of his career, which is unusual for a 26 year old pitcher in his 4th full season.  Even if a one-year fluke, his NPB career 2.34 ERA and 4.2 career K/BB rate speak for themselves.

The problem with Sugano as an MLB prospect is that he didn’t come up particularly young, and he pitches for the Yomuiri Giants, a team that has never posted a player for MLB.  He won’t become a true free agent until after the 2021 season, so he will be 32 in 2022, his likely first MLB season, should he decide to cross the ocean.  Also, the adoration and endorsement deals that come with being a Yomuiri Giants’ superstar make it less likely that he will come to MLB at all.  MLB ETA: 2022.

Yuki Matsui (21).  a small (5’8.5″, 163 lbs) left-handed closer for the Rakuten Golden Eagles, Matsui has electric stuff (304 Ks in 250.2 career NPB innings pitched) and what appears to be close to three full seasons of NPB experience through his age 20 season.  It’s anybody’s guess whether a pitcher this small can hold up to the often high-stress workload of a closer long-term.  MLB ETA: 2021.

Kodei Senga (24).  An extremely talented young right-hander who had shoulder problems in 2014 and then spent much more of the 2015 season in NPB’s minor league than his performance there deserved, probably because the 2015 NPB Champion SoftBank Hawks had all the pitching they needed at the major league level, Senga had a terrific season in 2016.  His 2.61 ERA was 3rd best in the Pacific League and his 181 Ks (in only 169 IP) was second best. MLB ETA: 2022-2023.

Shota Takeda (24).  I was more excited about Takeda a year ago.  While his 2.95 ERA was 6th best in the Pacific League and his 144 Ks was 5th best, his strikeout rate dropped sharply from 8.9 in 2015 to 7.1 in 2016 and his walks rate was up, suggesting he might be heading for an arm injury in 2017.  MLB ETA: 2022-2023.

Yusei Kikuchi (26) and Takeru Imamura (26).  Although Kikuchi is a left-handed starter, and Imamura is a right-handed closer, they are the same age and both appear to have at least four full years of NPB service time.  Kikuchi’s 2.58 ERA was 2nd best in the Pacific League, but his strikeout rates (7.3 career) leave something to be desired.

Imamura has good stuff (career 8.4 strikeout rate), but spent significant portions of the 2014 and 2015 seasons in NPB’s minor league leagues after a slow start in 2014.  This will mean he’ll be a couple of years older before he gets posted or becomes a free agent.  MLB ETA for both: 2020-2021.

Shota Imanaga (23) and Yuta Iwasada (25).  Both service time rookies in 2016, Imanaga is obviously the better prospect at this point because he’s two years younger.  Imanaga had a 2.93 ERA and struck out 136 batters in 135.1 IP.  Iwasada had a 2.90 ERA, 5th best in the Central League, and 156 Ks (4th best) in 158.1 IP.  MLB ETA: 2024 at the earliest — both have a long way to go.

Shun Yamaguchi (29), Masahiko Morifuku (30), Naoki Miyanishi (31), Takayuki Kishi (32), Yoshihisa Hirano (33) and Tsuyoshi Wada (36) are the pitchers most likely to sign with MLB teams this off-season.

Yamaguchi is still relatively young, has had success in NPB both as a closer and a starter, and was having a strong season in 2016, until shoulder problems caused him to miss the last three weeks of the regular season.  That obviously hurts his chances of signing with an MLB team this off-season.

Morifuku is a very small situational lefty (5’8″, 145 lbs) who has been very good in six of the last seven seasons, but was dreadful in 2015, when he was probably dealing with an injury.  Despite his size, I think he’d have a shot at being an effective MLB short man, so long as you made sure to limit him to no more than 60 appearances and 55 innings pitched a season.

Miyanishi is another left-handed short man, who is a bit bigger than Morifuki.  After nine full NPB seasons in this role, Miyanishi has a career 2.37 ERA and his rookie year in 2008 was the only year he had an ERA over 2.89.  I have no reason to believe he could not help at least one MLB team in this role.

Kishi is kind of a poor man’s Kenta Maeda, another small right-hander (5’11”, 169 lbs) who can definitely pitch.  He has an NPB career record of 103-65 and a career 3.05 ERA, all of it as a starter.  He missed almost two months to a right adductor strain this season, and he was limited to only 16 starts in 2015, possibly due to elbow soreness.  That’s not promising, and since I see him as a reliever in MLB, he can probably make more money signing a multi-year deal in Japan where he will remain a starter.

Hirano had a strong 2016 season as the closer for the Orix Buffaloes.  However, he signed a three-year deal before the 2015 season, so he won’t be joining MLB for at least another year.

Tsuyoshi Wada’s 2012-2015 MLB career did not go the way he wanted it to.  He almost immediately blew out his elbow tendon and had to spend two seasons working his way back to the majors.  That said, he did prove he’s an MLB-caliber pitcher, posting a 3.36 ERA in 20 starts over two seasons with the Cubs.

Back in NPB, Wada had a strong 2016 season, posting a 3.04 ERA and striking out 157 in 163 innings pitched.  If a major league team were willing to give him another shot, he’d be worth the risk, even at age 36.  However, Wada may be content being an ace for the relatively high-paying SoftBank Hawks going forward.

Former Prospect Matt Bush Finally Makes Majors

May 13, 2016

2004 No. 1 overall draft pick Matt Bush was called up today from AA ball by the Texas Rangers.  It’s one hell of an improbable story, and I’m not entirely sure how I feel about.

For those who don’t know the story, Bush was an extremely talented shortstop coming out of high school in San Diego, who the Padres selected first overall because he was a local boy and the team wasn’t willing to shell out for a couple of other top prospects represented by Scott Boras.

As well as being extremely talented, Bush had an extremely big chip on his shoulder and sense of entitlement.  He got into a bar fight within weeks of being drafted and quickly became an alcoholic with a penchant for drinking and driving.

Bush couldn’t hit enough to move up as a SS, so he shifted to pitcher but quickly tore his elbow tendon and required Tommy John surgery.

Then during Spring Training in 2012, he borrowed his roommate’s truck, although Bush had long since lost his driver’s license to DUI convictions, got drunk again and ultimately ran over the head of a 72 year old motorcyclist, who survived because he was wearing a helmet.  Bush hit and ran but was quickly arrested a few miles down the road.

Bush pleaded no contest and was sentenced to 51 months in prison, ultimately serving about 3 1/2 years local jail and a Florida State Penitentiary.  Less than two months after getting out of stir, the Rangers signed him to a minor league contract because Bush can still throw a baseball 97 miles per hour.

On the one hand, I feel like Bush has done his time, and if he is finally able to succeed and turn his life around, that’s a good thing.  Besides, it’s a great story of an unlikely comeback.

My concern, however, is that if Bush finally makes good as a major league player, we, the baseball reading public, will be subjected to the usual BS stories by sportswriters about how Bush has turned his life around and what a great human being he now is.  In professional sports, just about everything is forgiven if on-field performance is sufficiently high — just ask Ray Lewis — and an athlete’s reported qualities as a great human being and a “leader” are far too often closely correlated to said performance level.

While Bush has done his time, it’s no sure thing that he is now a great human being no matter how his future major league career goes.

The Best and Worst Hitters’ Parks in MLB Baseball 2016

April 8, 2016

Back in the summer of 2012 I discovered that provides stats for what it calls “park factor”, which for purposes of this post means the ratio between the number of runs scored at a ballpark in any given season divided by the number of runs scored by said ballpark’s occupant (and its opponents) in away games that same season.  I’ve written several posts on this subject, which have proven quite popular, the last about two years ago, so it feels like a good time for an update.

As we enter the 2016 season, below are the average park factors for all major league ballparks over the last six seasons, 2010 through 2015 (four seasons for Marlins Park which opened in 2012).

1.  Coors Field (Rockies) 1.427.  Coors Field remains far and away the best hitters’ in MLB by a wide margin.  Every other stadium had a season or two between 2010 and 2015 well out of line with its overall average position except Coors Field.  It was the best hitters’ park in MLB five of the six seasons, usually by a lot, and a strong second in the sixth season.

2.  Globe Life Park at Arlington (Rangers) 1.144.  Globe Life Park remains the best hitters’ park in the American League.

3.  Fenway Park (Red Sox) 1.107.

4.  Chase Field (Diamondbacks) 1.093.

5.  Camden Yards (Orioles) 1.083.

6.  Miller Park (Brewers) 1.072.

7.  Yankee Stadium 1.059.

8.    U.S. Cellular Field (White Sox) 1.058.  One of the more variable parks in MLB, U.S. Cellular Field was a pitchers’ park in 2015, but a strong hitters’ park in 2010 and 2012.

9. Rogers Centre (Blue Jays) 1.047.  A pitchers’ park in 2015, Rogers Center was a hitters’ park every other year of the last six.

10.  Great American Ball Park (Reds) 1.045.

11.  Wrigley Field (Cubs) 1.034.  Long regarded as one of the best hitters’ parks in MLB, Wrigley was a pitchers’ park in 2014 and 2015, bringing it’s six year average down considerably.

12.  Comerica Park (Tigers) 1.026.

13.  Kauffman Stadium (Royals) 1.027.  25 or 30 years ago, Kauffman Stadium was one of the best hitters’ parks in baseball.  However, the newer parks built starting with Camden Yards in 1992, have for the most part been much better hitters’ parks than the ballparks they replaced.  The casual fans want to see offense, and the modern parks have largely catered to that desire with resulting attendance increases.

14.  Target Field (Twins) 1.013.  The Twins’ new ball park looked like it was going to be a pitchers’ park after the first couple of seasons of play there.  However, it now looks to be a slight hitters’ park.

15.  Citizens Bank Ballpark (Phillies) 1.005.

16.  Nationals Park 1.004.

17.  Marlins Park (2012-2015) 1.000.  The Marlins’ new park appears to be as close to a perfectly level playing field for pitchers and hitters as currently exists in MLB, at least based on the first four seasons of play there.

18.  Progressive Field (Indians) 0.992.  Progressive Field was the second best hitters’ park in MLB last year, after five consecutive seasons as a moderate pitchers’ park.  2015 was almost certainly a fluke.

19.  Minute Maid Park (Astros) 0.987.  Once known as Ten-run Park, when it was named after failed energy company Enron, Minute Maid Park varies wildly between a hitters’ park and pitchers’ park from season to season.

20.  Turner Field (Braves) 0.972.

21.  Busch Stadium (Cardinals) 0.957.

22.  Oakland Coliseum (A’s) 0.941. isn’t as much of a pitchers’ park as it once was, more or less switching places with Angel Stadium, another now antiquated multi-use stadium from the 1960’s.

23.  PNC Park (Pirates) 0.927.

24.  Dodger Stadium 0.906.

25.  Tropicana Field (Rays) 0.894.

26.  Angel Stadium 0.877.  The fact that Angel Stadium is now one of the worst hitters’ parks in MLB gives one additional appreciation of just how good Mike Trout is as an offensive player.

27.  Citi Field (Mets) 0.876.

28.  Petco Park (Padres) 0.857.

29.  Safeco Field (Mariners) 0.842.  The Mariners and the Padres moved their outfield fences in before the 2013 season in order to goose offensive production.  It hasn’t helped a whole lot, as both parks remained among the worst hitters’ parks in MLB from 2013-2015.

29.    AT&T Park (Giants) 0.842.  AT&T varies a lot season to season, but in 2011, 2012 and 2015 it was a strong pitchers’ park.